Elementary Math: Solving Logic Problems
Solving problems using logic is a skill that students will hone throughout elementary school and beyond. While we typically think of 'logic problems' as word problems, all math problems require us to use abstract logic to reach a solution. Read on for a list of problemsolving strategies that can help you with logic problems!
How to Solve Logic Problems
Assess the Problem
The first step in solving a problem is identifying the question and the tools you've been given to answer it. Read the problem carefully, highlighting any information that may be helpful in solving the problem. Cross out any unnecessary information. If there are unfamiliar vocabulary words in the problem, look them up in the dictionary or ask your teacher to explain them.
It can also be helpful to draw a diagram or equation to represent the problem at this point. For example, if the problem describes a shape, you might draw a picture of it. You can also use symbols like number lines and tally marks to help visualize problems.
Develop a Strategy
Now that you've gathered your tools, the next step is to figure out how you're going to use them. This is the point where you decide what specific operations you need to perform to get your answer. You may also mentally estimate what answer you expect to get, or at least what format you expect that answer to have.
If the problem you're solving is multiple choice, you can compare this projection to the answers provided. If the type of answer you're expecting to get doesn't match any of them, you'll need to reread the question and rethink your strategy. For instance, if you're expecting to get a whole number answer, but the multiplechoice options are all fractions, you might be misunderstanding the question.
Execute Your Plan
Once you've decided on a strategy, try it out and then doublecheck your calculations. Next, reread the problem to check that you've answered what was asked. Be sure to include the correct units with your answer.
Check Your Answer
If your teacher permits it, compare your answer to the answers that some of your friends got. If you have a different answer, this doesn't necessarily mean you're wrong, but you should compare your problemsolving strategy and calculations to your friends' so that you can find out why your answers are different.
If you're working alone, ask a parent or teacher to check your work. If you've made a mistake, keep working at the problem until you figure out the correct solution. You might even consider moving on to other problems and then returning to the one you're stuck on later. This can give your brain a chance to rest and generate new ideas.
Other Articles You May Be Interested In

Before you can advance to more complex levels of math (like algebra) you have to master the order of operations. Read on to learn the simple steps involved in completing ordered operations math problems. This article provides tips for working your way through math problems with several steps.

Is your child struggling with math in elementary school? You may be able to get him or her excited about learning math by using an educational app on your iPad, iPhone, Android or other mobile device. Here are ten apps for elementary school children that may hold the key to math success.
We Found 7 Tutors You Might Be Interested In
Huntington Learning
 What Huntington Learning offers:
 Online and incenter tutoring
 One on one tutoring
 Every Huntington tutor is certified and trained extensively on the most effective teaching methods
K12
 What K12 offers:
 Online tutoring
 Has a strong and effective partnership with public and private schools
 AdvancEDaccredited corporation meeting the highest standards of educational management
Kaplan Kids
 What Kaplan Kids offers:
 Online tutoring
 Customized learning plans
 RealTime Progress Reports track your child's progress
Kumon
 What Kumon offers:
 Incenter tutoring
 Individualized programs for your child
 Helps your child develop the skills and study habits needed to improve their academic performance
Sylvan Learning
 What Sylvan Learning offers:
 Online and incenter tutoring
 Sylvan tutors are certified teachers who provide personalized instruction
 Regular assessment and progress reports
Tutor Doctor
 What Tutor Doctor offers:
 InHome tutoring
 One on one attention by the tutor
 Develops personlized programs by working with your child's existing homework
TutorVista
 What TutorVista offers:
 Online tutoring
 Student works oneonone with a professional tutor
 Using the virtual whiteboard workspace to share problems, solutions and explanations