End-of-Year Math Review for 6th Grade: What Students Should Know

Before moving on to 7th grade, it's a good idea to make sure that your child has achieved the 6th grade skills as defined by your state standards. Continue reading below to learn how you can conduct a successful, end-of-year review with your child.

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How Can I Conduct an End-of-Year Review with My 6th Grader?

Your child's 6th grade math curriculum will focus on 4 main areas. To review the skills and concepts that your 6th grader has learned throughout the year, it's a good idea to provide home practice that addresses each skill area. It's important that you provide practice that will maintain your child's interest. You could use math games, online games, drills or worksheets, or a combination of these, to have your child review the math skills he or she has learned.

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

In this standard, your 6th grader will be learning to describe a ratio relationship between 2 quantities using proportional relationships. You will want to be sure your child can use ratio and rate to solve real-world problems, as well as to convert measurements. Before entering 7th grade, your student will need to be able to solve unit rate problems that involve constant speed and unit pricing. Lastly, be sure your child can find a percent of a given quantity as a rate per 100.

The Number System

At the 6th grade level, your student should be able to fluently divide multi-digit numbers and know how to divide a fraction by another fraction. Your child should feel comfortable adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing multi-digit decimals. You will want to be sure that your student can determine the greatest common factor for 2 whole numbers and that he or she understands how to work with positive and negative numbers. Lastly, your child will be able to solve real-world problems by graphing points in all 4 quadrants of a coordinate plane.


For geometry, your 6th grader should know how to draw a polygon in a coordinate plane when given the coordinates for the vertices. Your child should also be able to use the formulas V = b x h and V = l x w x h to determine the volume of a right rectangular prism. Students at the end of sixth grade should know how to determine the area of right triangles, other triangles, polygons and special quadrilaterals.

Expressions and Equations

Your child should be able to write and evaluate a numerical expression that contains whole number exponents and variables. By the end of 6th grade, your student will need to be able to create and identify equivalent expressions. Lastly, be sure your child can solve real-world problems that will require him or her to use the x + p = q formula.

Statistics and Probability

Your child should be able to summarize a set of numerical data in relation to the context by providing the number of observations, how it was measured and the unit of measurement. It is important that your 6th grader understands how to interpret a set of data by finding its mean and median.

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