Reading Lesson Plans: Ideas for Teaching Beginning Writing and Reading

Before children can begin to read and write, they must first learn basic skills, like phonics. Keep reading for a few ideas and lesson plan suggestions that can help you teach reading and writing at the elementary level.

Find available tutors

Teaching Beginners to Read and Write

Helping Kids Become Literate

In order to successfully learn to read and write, students must know the alphabet and letter sounds. They can then begin to learn short words and very basic word parts, which is how kids begin to build a foundation for vocabulary. Once your students are able to read fluently, the next step is to make sure they understand what they've read.

Guided Reading for Comprehension

Guided reading lessons are often very effective because teachers get to work with small groups of students and target specific reading skills. Guided reading helps students practice basic reading comprehension and phonics while still having a significant amount of support.

Begin with a picture walk. Ask your students to look at the cover picture on a book and predict what the book will be about. They can then flip through the book and examine the other pictures.

Read a book together with your students and ask them various comprehension questions on each page. For example, ask your class for their opinions about character motivation and tone. Show them how to use the pictures themselves to further understand the text.

Teaching Phonics

You can also use guided reading to reinforce your students' phonics skills. Select a sound that you would like to teach, and give your students a mini-lesson on the sound. Then, give them a photocopy of a passage or story. Ask your class to look through the text and circle words that use the sound you just taught. This activity will also help to reinforce fluency.

Writing Worksheets

Children usually begin writing by learning to draw lines. When a child's motor skills are developed enough, he or she can begin writing letters. One of the best ways for a child to get started is by tracing the outlines of letters. After mastering this skill, children are typically able to begin writing free hand.

When your students are just beginning to write, create worksheets that have pictures for students to trace. You can provide worksheets that focus on horizontal, vertical and diagonal lines, as well as curves, circles and other shapes. Next, move on to dotted letters and then free hand letters.

Did you find this useful? If so, please let others know!

Other Articles You May Be Interested In

  • More Blog Articles
    Can Reading Bridge Racial, Socioeconomic Gaps?

    Study after study shows the achievement gap in education between students of different cultures and economic backgrounds. Recently, two New Jersey schools successfully used literature to show students how 'the other half lives'. Can this experiment be a model for other schools to use books to bridge racial and socioeconomic...

  • More Blog Articles
    Too Much Emphasis on Reading and Math?

    According to a large number of surveyed educators who teach grades 3-12, U.S. public schools are spending too much time on reading and math and not enough on other subjects. Yes, math and reading are important. But what about science, foreign languages and social studies?

We Found 7 Tutors You Might Be Interested In

Huntington Learning

  • What Huntington Learning offers:
  • Online and in-center tutoring
  • One on one tutoring
  • Every Huntington tutor is certified and trained extensively on the most effective teaching methods
In-Center and Online


  • What K12 offers:
  • Online tutoring
  • Has a strong and effective partnership with public and private schools
  • AdvancED-accredited corporation meeting the highest standards of educational management
Online Only

Kaplan Kids

  • What Kaplan Kids offers:
  • Online tutoring
  • Customized learning plans
  • Real-Time Progress Reports track your child's progress
Online Only


  • What Kumon offers:
  • In-center tutoring
  • Individualized programs for your child
  • Helps your child develop the skills and study habits needed to improve their academic performance
In-Center and Online

Sylvan Learning

  • What Sylvan Learning offers:
  • Online and in-center tutoring
  • Sylvan tutors are certified teachers who provide personalized instruction
  • Regular assessment and progress reports
In-Home, In-Center and Online

Tutor Doctor

  • What Tutor Doctor offers:
  • In-Home tutoring
  • One on one attention by the tutor
  • Develops personlized programs by working with your child's existing homework
In-Home Only


  • What TutorVista offers:
  • Online tutoring
  • Student works one-on-one with a professional tutor
  • Using the virtual whiteboard workspace to share problems, solutions and explanations
Online Only

Our Commitment to You

  • Free Help from Teachers

  • Free Learning Materials

  • Helping Disadvantaged Youth