5th Grade Math Assessment: What 5th Graders Should Know
Many states administer standardized math tests to 5th graders at the end of the year. If you have a 5th grader with an upcoming math assessment, keep reading to find out what he or she should know.
Overview of 5th Grade Math
Fractions
By 5th grade, students begin to add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators. When encountering a problem like 2/6 + 2/3, students will find a common denominator and create an equivalent fraction in order to add the two fractional parts together. For instance, the numerator and denominator for the fraction 2/3 can be multiplied by two to create the equivalent fraction 4/6. Then, it is possible to add 2/6 + 4/6, which equals 6/6.
Students in 5th grade also add and subtract mixed numbers using a similar strategy. For instance, in a problem like 3 1/6  2/6, the student would first have to convert the mixed number (3 1/6) into an improper fraction (19/6). Then, he or she could subtract like normal (19/6  2/6 = 17/6). Your child may also encounter word problems that include fractions.
Numerical Operations
In 5th grade, the basic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) become more difficult because of the inclusion of multidigit numbers and decimals. Your child will likely be tested on his or her ability to solve division problems with 2digit divisors, such as 150 ÷ 30.
Additionally, 5th graders add and subtract decimals to the hundredths place. Your child may also have to round when solving these kinds of problems. If he or she were adding 4.351 + 1.398, the answer would be 5.749. Your child might then be asked to round the final answer to the hundredths place. If so, the answer would be 5.75.
Volume
Volume is the amount of space that a 3dimensional object occupies. Students calculate volume by using the formula V = l x w x h. In this formula, V stands for volume, l is length, w is width and h is height. Although this formula may be provided on tests, it can be worthwhile to have your child memorize it.
Some of the volume questions on the assessment will likely be word problems in which students must calculate the volume of a realworld object. It's important to remember that all answers should be labeled in cubic units, like cubic inches or cubic feet.
Other Articles You May Be Interested In

Imagine a math teaching tool so effective that it need only be employed twice per week for less than an hour to result in huge proficiency gains. Impossible, you say? Not so...and MIND Research Institute has the virtual penguin to prove it.

Should kindergartners put away the building blocks and open the math books? According to recent research, earlier is better when it comes to learning mathematical concepts. But that could put undue pressure on kids, parents and even teachers.
We Found 7 Tutors You Might Be Interested In
Huntington Learning
 What Huntington Learning offers:
 Online and incenter tutoring
 One on one tutoring
 Every Huntington tutor is certified and trained extensively on the most effective teaching methods
K12
 What K12 offers:
 Online tutoring
 Has a strong and effective partnership with public and private schools
 AdvancEDaccredited corporation meeting the highest standards of educational management
Kaplan Kids
 What Kaplan Kids offers:
 Online tutoring
 Customized learning plans
 RealTime Progress Reports track your child's progress
Kumon
 What Kumon offers:
 Incenter tutoring
 Individualized programs for your child
 Helps your child develop the skills and study habits needed to improve their academic performance
Sylvan Learning
 What Sylvan Learning offers:
 Online and incenter tutoring
 Sylvan tutors are certified teachers who provide personalized instruction
 Regular assessment and progress reports
Tutor Doctor
 What Tutor Doctor offers:
 InHome tutoring
 One on one attention by the tutor
 Develops personlized programs by working with your child's existing homework
TutorVista
 What TutorVista offers:
 Online tutoring
 Student works oneonone with a professional tutor
 Using the virtual whiteboard workspace to share problems, solutions and explanations