Division Problems for 10-Year-Olds

If your 10-year-old child is struggling with division it is important to provide him or her with extra practice at home. Below are division word problems and solutions that are aligned with your 5th grader's mathematics standards.

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Division Overview

Your 10-year-old will be learning how to divide 4-digit dividends by 2-digit divisors to find quotients. In 5th grade, your child will also begin to divide with decimal amounts. To help your child visualize these problems, it may be helpful for him or her to create drawings or use items to model the numerical relationships. At home, help your child find the appropriate strategy and explain the reasoning behind the answer.

Practice Problems and Solutions

1. Your sister cleans houses to make extra money. She can clean four houses in 22 hours. How long does it take her to clean each house?

To solve this problem your child needs to use 22 as the dividend and four as the divisor. Remember, the dividend goes under the bracket and the divisor outside the bracket. Your child should write this division problem: 22 ÷ 4 = 5 R2. The answer is that it would take your sister 5 1/2 hours to clean each house, because of the fraction created by the remainder.

2. Tom just bought a car. The total amount was $1,548. If he makes payments for 12 months, how much is each month's payment?

Your child should set up a division problem like this: 1,548 ÷ 12 = 129. The answer shows that Tom must pay $129 each month to make his car payments. Teach your child to check his or her own answer by multiplying 129 x 12 to make sure that it equals 1,548.

3. There are 1,841 students in the 5th grade who will be attending the field trip. They are taking buses, and each bus seats 52 students. How many buses does the school need to charter to transport all the students?

To solve this problem your child should create an equation like this: 1,841 ÷ 52 = 35 R21. The class would need 36 buses because of the remainder.

4. There are 15 boxes and each box has an equal number of apples. If there are 945 apples, how many apples are in each box?

Have your child set up the division problem like this: 945 ÷ 15 = 63. There are 63 apples in each box.

5. There are 12 students in the neighborhood selling raffle tickets for $1 each. After going around the neighborhood, the students had $492. If each student sold the same amount of tickets, how many tickets did each sell?

To solve this word problem, your child should divide: 492 ÷ 12 = 41. The quotient shows that each student sold 41 tickets.
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