Third Grade Math Practice Problems with Solutions

In third grade, students learn fundamental math concepts like multiplication and division. It's important that kids gain a firm foundation in these operations because they'll use them frequently in later grades. You can help your child at home by providing extra practice using the problems below.

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What Topics Should My Third Grader Practice at Home?

Math is a cumulative subject, and frequent practice of skills both old and new can make it easier for kids to learn additional math concepts. One of the most effective ways for kids to reinforce their math skills is to complete practice problems. Your child's teacher is a valuable resource and can likely provide you with worksheets. Alternatively, you can make your own worksheets using the problems below as a model. Another effective way of learning multiplication and division facts is frequent and consistent use of flashcards.

At this age, students also begin to work more often with fractions, a concept that was likely introduced in second grade. You can reinforce what your child is learning in school by using visuals, such as a number line.

Third Grade Practice Problems and Solutions

Multiplication

1. Mark, Erica and Samantha each have three scoops of ice cream. How many scoops have they eaten in all?

Multiply the number of people by the number of scoops that they've had (3 x 3 = 9). There are nine scoops total.

2. Four friends decide to have a picnic. If they each bring three dishes, how many dishes will there be?

Multiply the number of friends by the number of dishes each would bring (4 x 3 = 12). There will be 12 dishes total.

Division

1. At a barbecue, Tom makes 12 hot dogs. If there are six guests, how many hot dogs can each guest eat?

Divide the number of hot dogs by the number of guests (12 ÷ 6 = 2). Each guest can eat two hot dogs.

2. There are 48 cupcakes and eight different colors of frosting. How many cupcakes can be decorated with each color?

Divide the number of cupcakes by the number of colors of frosting (48 ÷ 8 = 6). Each color can be used to frost six cupcakes.
Third graders learn their multiplication facts before their division facts, and the two typically involve the same numbers. Thus, you might have your child check his or her answer to this problem by using multiplication facts. For instance, 8 x 6 = 48 and 48 ÷ 8 = 6.

Fractions

Place the following fractions on a number line: 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4.

If your child is having trouble starting this problem, provide him or her with a number line that has zero and one labeled and three lines that are not labeled. The order should be 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4.
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