## Focus Areas of Second Grade Math

### Operations and Algebraic Thinking

In second grade math, your child will be using addition and subtraction within 100 to solve 1-step and 2-step word problems. Your child should also be able to mentally add and subtract within 20.

To practice at home, present your second grader with a group of objects and ask him or her to determine if the number of objects is even or odd. At this grade level, it will also be important that your child can express the group of objects in an equation. For example, if you gave your child three chocolate chip cookies and three sugar cookies, he or she could write the equation 3 + 3 = 6.

### Number and Operations in Base Ten

Your student should be able to count up to 1,000 and skip count by fives, tens and 100's. Your child will also need to understand how a number is broken down into hundreds, tens and ones; this place value knowledge will likely help your student add and subtract more fluently within 1,000.

You will also want to help your child practice comparing 3-digit numbers and use the correct symbols to show the results of the comparison. Second graders should also be able to mentally add ten or 100 to a given number (e.g., 4 + 100 = 400).

### Measurement and Data

Measuring is a skill that your child will use throughout his or her school career and life, so it's important that he or she gains a solid understanding of this concept. At the second grade level, your child will need to be comfortable with measuring specific objects using standard units of measurement, such as inches or centimeters. You may also want to have your student measure the same object using two different units of measurement to compare.

Your second grader should be knowledgeable of inches, feet, centimeters and meters so that he or she will be able to estimate the length of various items with these units. He or she will also have to solve word problems that involve counting money and telling time to the nearest five minutes.

### Geometry

Help your student create a good geometry foundation by first making sure that he or she can identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons and cubes. At this grade level, your child should also be able to recognize and draw shapes that have specific characteristics. For example, you may ask your child to draw a shape that has four corners.

Dividing shapes into an equal number of parts is another important geometry skill for second graders. For practice, try drawing circles and rectangles and have your child partition the shapes into a specific number of equal sections. Keep in mind, geometry skills will be much easier for your child to grasp if he or she has physical objects to work with.

Did you find this useful? If so, please let others know!

## Other Articles You May Be Interested In

• MIND Games Lead to Math Gains

Imagine a math teaching tool so effective that it need only be employed twice per week for less than an hour to result in huge proficiency gains. Impossible, you say? Not so...and MIND Research Institute has the virtual penguin to prove it.

• Should Math Be a Main Focus in Kindergarten?

Should kindergartners put away the building blocks and open the math books? According to recent research, earlier is better when it comes to learning mathematical concepts. But that could put undue pressure on kids, parents and even teachers.

## We Found 7 Tutors You Might Be Interested In

### Huntington Learning

• What Huntington Learning offers:
• Online and in-center tutoring
• One on one tutoring
• Every Huntington tutor is certified and trained extensively on the most effective teaching methods
In-Center and Online

### K12

• What K12 offers:
• Online tutoring
• Has a strong and effective partnership with public and private schools
• AdvancED-accredited corporation meeting the highest standards of educational management
Online Only

### Kaplan Kids

• What Kaplan Kids offers:
• Online tutoring
• Customized learning plans
• Real-Time Progress Reports track your child's progress
Online Only

### Kumon

• What Kumon offers:
• In-center tutoring
• Individualized programs for your child
• Helps your child develop the skills and study habits needed to improve their academic performance
In-Center and Online

### Sylvan Learning

• What Sylvan Learning offers:
• Online and in-center tutoring
• Sylvan tutors are certified teachers who provide personalized instruction
• Regular assessment and progress reports
In-Home, In-Center and Online

### Tutor Doctor

• What Tutor Doctor offers:
• In-Home tutoring
• One on one attention by the tutor
• Develops personlized programs by working with your child's existing homework
In-Home Only

### TutorVista

• What TutorVista offers:
• Online tutoring
• Student works one-on-one with a professional tutor
• Using the virtual whiteboard workspace to share problems, solutions and explanations
Online Only