Tips for Creating Lesson Plans for Grades 39
Designing lesson plans can be difficult for most parents. However, it's nothing to be afraid of. Read on to learn how to create effective math and reading lesson plans and which skills to incorporate into these lessons.
Creating a lesson plan takes practice. Many skills require an understanding of another fundamental. Make sure to keep your children's abilities and knowledge in mind when creating your lesson plans. If you come across a fun activity or game you want to use, but know that it is too advanced for your students, see if there is anyway to modify the information so that it will fit the specific children at hand.
Along with the prerequisites, plan ahead to provide your children with the necessary vocabulary to understand the material you'll be presenting. Your children may be able to handle a specific skill but this does not mean they will understand all of the terms that are used to describe or progress through the skill.
An additional way to grab students' interests and attention is to start your lesson with a handsonactivity. This will allow them to expend any extra energy they may have, and get them into the correct mindset to successfully complete the lesson.
The following labeled sections list the math and English fundamentals taught in each grade level.
Third Grade Lesson Plans
Third graders are taught the following English skills:
 Reading narratives aloud
 Decoding regular multisyllabic words
 Determining the meaning of words through the use of antonyms, synonyms, homophones, and homographs
 Determining the meaning of words through the use of the dictionary, prefixes, suffixes, and sentence and word context
 Recalling major points from text and using the information to create predictions
 Distinguishing the main ideas of text through the use of supporting details
 Distinguishing common forms of literature
 Comprehending basic plots of fairy tales and fables
 Creating a single paragraph
 Identifying subjects and verbs, and past and present tense
Some math topics to teach include:
 Adding and subtracting whole numbers
 Adding and subtracting money
 A basic understanding of graphs, multiplication, division, decimals, fractions, and measurements
Fourth Grade Lesson Plans
English lessons for fourth grade students should include:
 Determining the meaning of words through word origin, roots, derivations, synonyms, antonyms, and idioms
 Using a thesaurus to determine related words and concepts
 Identifying structural patterns in informative text to strengthen comprehension
 Comparing and contrasting information on a specific subject after reading several texts about the topic
 Describing the structural difference of various forms of imaginative literature
 Defining and using various forms of figurative language
 Multiparagraph compositions
 Establishing and supporting main ideas with topic sentences
 Providing introductory and concluding paragraphs
 Quoting or paraphrasing informational sources and citing them correctly
 Using various reference sources to locate information
 Using simple compound sentences
 Identifying verbs, adverbs, prepositions, and conjunctions
As a child advances through the fourth grade, teachers will make their work more complicated. The following are some math fundamentals a parent should expect to see in their child's math homework and can create supplemental lessons for:
 Placing value on time
 Adding and subtracting whole numbers
 Adding and subtracting money
 Adding and subtracting decimals
 Negative numbers
 Factoring of small numbers
 Perimeter and area
 X and Y graphs,
 Introductory geometry
 Fractions and decimals
Fifth Grade Lesson Plans
English skills and classes become increasingly harder in the fifth grade. Students at this grade level will learn the following curriculum:
 Knowing abstract
 Deriving roots and affixes from Greek and Latin
 Analyzing text that is organized in sequential or chronological order
 Distinguishing between facts, supported inferences, and opinions provided in text
 Identifying and analyzing the characteristics of poetry, drama, and nonfiction
 Understanding that 'theme' is the meaning or moral of a selection
 Identifying the themes of various texts
 Evaluating the author's use of various techniques to influence the readers' opinions
 Creating multiparagraph expository and narrative compositions
 Editing and revising manuscripts
 Writing research reports and persuasive compositions
Some of the specific mathematical skills that a fifth grade student is likely to learn or be introduced to during the year include the following:
 Percentages, volume and areas
 Adding and subtracting decimals
 Multiplying and subtracting decimals
 Continuation of long division
 Continuation of geometry, mixed numbers, multiplication of fractions, ratio, and probability
Sixth Grade Lesson Plans
With sixth grade begins middle school and increased academic expectations. Along with this milestone come numerous English concepts to learn:
 Recognizing the origins and meanings of foreign words used in English
 Analyzing text that uses the compareandcontrast organizational method
 Creating outlines, logical notes, summaries, or notes to clarify an understanding of a text
 Identifying the genres of fiction and major characteristics of each form
 Defining tone or meaning in poetry through word choice, figurative language, sentence structure, line length, punctuation, rhyme, repetition, and rhythm
 Choosing the form of writing that best suits the purpose; write responses to literature
 Analyzing use of rhetorical devices for effect and intent
Sixth grade lesson plans combine many mathematical concepts including:
 Multiplication and division of fractions
 Algebraic expressions and equations
 Graphing of algebraic results
 Describing geometric patterns algebraically
 The use of angles, range, mean, median, mode, statistical analysis of sample populations, and the use probabilities to make predictions
Seventh Grade Lesson Plans
Seventh graders are constantly expected to utilize their English skills and will be introduced to new concepts during the school year. These concepts include:
 Identifying idioms, analogies, similes, and metaphors in prose and poetry
 Clarifying word meanings through definition, example, restatement, or contrast
 Understanding contentarea vocabulary through the use of Greek, Latin, and AngloSaxon roots and affixes
 Analyzing the adequacy, accuracy, and appropriateness of the author's evidence to support claims and assertions, noting instances of bias and stereotyping
 Articulating the expressed purposes and characteristics of various types of prose
 Creating an organizational structure that balances all aspects of the composition and uses effective transitions between sentences to unify important ideas
 Revising writing to improve word choice and organization
 Placing modifiers properly and use active voice
The seventh grade usually marks a beginning of prealgebra and an introduction to more advanced math such as:
 Scientific notation
 Differentiating between rational and irrational numbers, exponents, powers, roots, inequalities
 An understanding of the correct order of operations to evaluate algebraic expressions
 Proper use of algebraic terminology
 Graphing and interpreting linear and some nonlinear functions
 Measurement conversions
 The Pythagorean theorem
Eighth Grade Lesson Plans
Eighth graders are presented with the following English skills:
 Comparing and contrasting texts according to the treatment, scope, or organization of ideas
 Evaluating the unity, coherence, logic, internal consistency, and structural patterns of text
 Identifying significant literary devices that define a writer's style
 Analyzing a work of literature, showing how it reflects the heritage, traditions, attitudes, and beliefs of its author
 Achieving balance between researched and original ideas
 Writing biographies, autobiographies, short stories or narratives
 Using correct and varied sentence types and sentence openings
 Identifying and using parallelism
The majority of eighth grade students focus on a continuation of prealgebra activities and skills, while many other eighth graders have advanced to Algebra I. The following are some math concepts that an eighth grade student may be working with or expected to understand:
 Solving equations through the use of inverse operations, distributive property, commutative property, associative property
 Prime factorization
 Equivalencies of fractions, percents, and decimals
 Number lines
 Twostep equations
 Finding the slope of a line
 Number conversion
Ninth Grade Lesson Plans
High school begins in ninth grade, bringing an emphasis on professional development and collegiate choices. This means the difficulty of English class increases as teachers begin to prepare their students for the 'real world.' Some English criteria students are expected to learn include:
 Preparing a bibliography of reference materials
 Analyzing the logic of documents by looking at the sequence of procedures and information
 Evaluating the credibility of an author's argument or defense of a claim by critiquing the relationship between generalizations and evidence, the comprehensiveness of evidence, and the way in which the author's intent affects the structure and tone of the text
 Articulating the relationship between the expressed purposes and the characteristics of different forms of dramatic literature
 Using the terminology of literary criticism
Ninth grade math varies from student to student and depends heavily on what math classes were completed in the seventh and eighth grades. Usually a ninth grade student will either be enrolled in Algebra I or Geometry. If your child is taking algebra, then the skills introduced will be similar to the ones listed under the eighth grade section. If your child is taking a geometry course, they will be presented with the following concepts:
 Identifying and providing examples of undefined terms, theorems, axioms, and inductive and deductive reasoning; write geometric proofs
 Constructing and then judging a logical argument's validity
 Proving and using theorems involving the properties of parallel lines cut by transversals, properties of quadrilaterals, and properties of circles
 Computing areas of polygons, including rectangles, equilateral triangles, scalene triangles, rhombi, parallelograms, and trapezoids
 Computing the volumes and surface areas of pyramids, prisms, cylinders, cones, and spheres
 Committing to memory the formulas for pyramids, prisms, and cylinders
 Finding and using measures of sides and of interior and exterior angles of triangles and polygons
 Knowing the definitions of the basic trigonometric functions defined by the angles of a right triangle
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