How to Learn Multiplication Tables

Although you may first encounter multiplication in the third or fourth grade, you will be using it all your life, so it's important to learn it well. There are many ways you can learn multiplication tables. Read on for information on a couple of tools to help you master multiplication.

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Learning to Multiply

Think of Addition

Before memorizing your times tables, it's important to understand what multiplication is. Multiplication problems are made up of addition problems. So, while you're getting used to multiplication, you can use the addition facts you already know to find answers. For example, the problem 5 x 2 requires you to make two groups of five, which can also be described as 5 + 5.

Let's try another one. For the problem 4 x 6, you need six groups of four. This is the same as 6 + 6 + 6 + 6. Below are a few practice problems. The first one is done for you.

1. 2 x 7

To solve, create two groups of seven, or 7 + 7. The answer is 14.

2. 6 x 3

3. 8 x 4

4. 9 x 1

5. 10 x 3


  1. 2 x 7 = 7 + 7 = 14
  2. 6 x 3 = 6 + 6 + 6 = 18
  3. 8 x 4 = 8 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 24
  4. 9 x 1 = 9
  5. 10 x 3 = 10 + 10 + 10 = 30

Use Flash Cards

One good way to learn multiplication is to memorize the times tables. Review the multiplication tables every night using flashcards.

To make your own flash cards, you will need several index cards. On one side of each card, write a multiplication problem (like 4 x 2) and on the other side, write the answer (in this case, the answer is eight).

Now you can practice. Hold the flashcards so that all the questions are on one side and the answers on the other. Read the questions to yourself and try to remember the answers. The more often you play, the more likely you are to remember the answers. Try to get faster each time you review.

You could also ask a friend or family member to review with you. For instance, have a parent hold up the cards and check your answers for you. Then, alternate roles and quiz your parents using the cards!

Review Out Loud

When you're learning the times tables, try saying them out loud in your room. Start with the ones (e.g., one times one is one, one times two is two, one times three is three) and continue all the way up to 12. Then, when you have a test at school, saying the problems in your head may help you remember the answers.

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