How to Prepare Your 4th Grader for EOG Mathematics

North Carolina has set math standards for grades 3-8. At the end of the school year, students must take an End-of-Grade (EOG) test to evaluate their mastery of the concepts. Students that don't do well on the 4th grade EOG test may not be ready for 5th grade math. Keep reading to find out how you can help your 4th grader prepare for this test.

Find available tutors

Preparing for the 4th Grade EOG Math Test

Areas of Knowledge

The EOG math tests cover five areas. In each area, certain concepts and their applications are tested. It can be helpful to look over these areas with your child to identify what he or she needs to concentrate on. Examples include:

Number and Operations

  • Place values through the ten-thousandths
  • Comparing and ordering rational numbers
  • Multiplication
  • Least common multiple (LCM) and greatest common factors (GCF)
  • Division, including remainders
  • Adding, subtracting and vertically aligning decimals
  • Adding and subtracting fractions with a common denominator
  • Comparing fractions


  • Perimeter and area; specifically how to find the perimeter of a 2-D figure and the area of a rectangle
  • Converting measurements
    • Inches, feet, yards; millimeters, centimeters, meters, kilometers
    • Cups, pints, quarts, gallons; milliliters, liters
    • Ounces, pounds


  • First quadrant graphing
  • Perpendicular and parallel lines
  • Transformations: Slides (translations), turns (rotation), flips (reflections)

Data Analysis and Probability

  • Solving problems by gathering, organizing, analyzing and presenting data
  • Graphs: line and bar
  • Median, range, mode
  • Probabilities and predicting outcomes


  • Finding patterns
  • Equations
  • Variables
  • Sequence of operations

Getting Ready

Maintain frequent communication with your child's teacher. As a parent, it can be helpful to know the concepts your child is learning and the steps he is taught so that you can provide similar support. Teachers may also be able to give you suggestions for how you can help your child at home.

To help your child get used to a test-taking environment, create a quiet space at home and use the practice tests provided by the North Carolina State Board of Education. Use the results from the practice test to identify what areas your child still needs to study. Then, look online for flash cards, games, books, music and other activities. Because the math portion of the exam contains multiple-choice questions, you may also want to teach your son or daughter some test-taking strategies, such as the process of elimination.

Did you find this useful? If so, please let others know!

Other Articles You May Be Interested In

  • More Blog Articles
    Gender Gap in Mathematics Achievement a Myth?

    For various reasons, it has long been believed that boys were better at math than girls. This might have been fueled in part by male dominance in professional areas that require math skills, such as engineering. But does this belief hold water? Not according to the most recent research.

  • More Blog Articles
    Elementary Math Help: Finding Mathematics in the World You Live In!

    Elementary students may think math is limited to the textbook and the classroom. But families and educators can find excellent math lessons by examing the world around them. Read on to learn more about finding mathematics in the world you live in.

We Found 7 Tutors You Might Be Interested In

Huntington Learning

  • What Huntington Learning offers:
  • Online and in-center tutoring
  • One on one tutoring
  • Every Huntington tutor is certified and trained extensively on the most effective teaching methods
In-Center and Online


  • What K12 offers:
  • Online tutoring
  • Has a strong and effective partnership with public and private schools
  • AdvancED-accredited corporation meeting the highest standards of educational management
Online Only

Kaplan Kids

  • What Kaplan Kids offers:
  • Online tutoring
  • Customized learning plans
  • Real-Time Progress Reports track your child's progress
Online Only


  • What Kumon offers:
  • In-center tutoring
  • Individualized programs for your child
  • Helps your child develop the skills and study habits needed to improve their academic performance
In-Center and Online

Sylvan Learning

  • What Sylvan Learning offers:
  • Online and in-center tutoring
  • Sylvan tutors are certified teachers who provide personalized instruction
  • Regular assessment and progress reports
In-Home, In-Center and Online

Tutor Doctor

  • What Tutor Doctor offers:
  • In-Home tutoring
  • One on one attention by the tutor
  • Develops personlized programs by working with your child's existing homework
In-Home Only


  • What TutorVista offers:
  • Online tutoring
  • Student works one-on-one with a professional tutor
  • Using the virtual whiteboard workspace to share problems, solutions and explanations
Online Only

Our Commitment to You

  • Free Help from Teachers

  • Free Learning Materials

  • Helping Disadvantaged Youth