Geometry for 4th Grade Students

In elementary school, students learn the basics of geometry, such as identifying shapes and recognizing characteristics. By 4th grade, students are taught about angles, polygons, classifications and symmetry. Keep reading to find more about what 4th graders learn as well as some teaching tools.

Find available tutors

Teaching the Nuts and Bolts of 4th Grade Geometry

What They Learn

In 4th grade, students learn to draw rays, angles and line segments (both parallel and perpendicular). Students also learn to apply these concepts by identifying them within shapes.

Students use attributes of 2-dimensional shapes to place them in categories. The number of sides and angles, the kinds of angles and the presence of perpendicular or parallel sides are all characteristics that help students classify shapes. For instance, a shape that has four sides can be classified as quadrilateral.

Finally, 4th graders learn to identify the line of symmetry in 2-dimensional shapes. The line of symmetry is where both sides of the shape will be exactly the same on either side.

Teaching Tools


Books can be a great way to introduce geometry concepts because they will capture your students' interest and may make the material seem more accessible. Books for 4th grade math include:

  • What's Your Angle, Pythagoras? A Math Adventure by Julie Ellis
  • Shape Me a Rhyme by Jane Yolen
  • Symmetry in Nature by Allyson Valentine Schrier


Music can help kids remember terms and concepts because of the repetition and rhyming. You can find some free music on the Web and you can find even more on CDs. Some albums, such as Math by Rockin' the Standards, allow you to download a single song for under a dollar. Other geometry songs you may find helpful include the following.

Lines by Kathleen Wiley can help kids remember the differences between parallel and perpendicular lines.
Geometry Park by Joe Crone teaches angles, triangles and polygons.
Geometry by Jim Thompson, from his album Work It!, introduces practical ways to use geometry.


Cut out several shapes and pass them out to the students. Then, challenge your students to find how many shapes can be made from the pieces.

Instead of going on a walk to keep in shape, go on a walk to find shapes. Have the students keep a record of the shapes and where they found them. Be sure to have the students classify the shape. Alternatively, give the students a shape to look for on the walk and ask them to keep a list of things they found that had their shape.

Geoboards are a fun and creative way to make shapes in the classroom or at home. You can either make your own or find interactive geoboards online.


When you want to teach symmetry, what better example can you find than a kaleidoscope? If you're looking for a project to teach symmetry, several videos on show how to make kaleidoscopes. If your classroom has computer access for the students and you'd like even more pizzazz for this topic, you might look into a CD such as KaleidoDraw or Kreator 3 by Kaleidoscope.

Did you find this useful? If so, please let others know!

Other Articles You May Be Interested In

  • More Blog Articles
    Not Your Father's Algebra As 45 States Look to Math Reform

    One plus one will always equal two...but just how students are taught math is going to change. Nearly every state in the country has adopted the Common Core Standards; for math, this means new and more in-depth approaches to teaching the subject. Have we seen the last of traditional algebra and geometry classes?

  • More Blog Articles
    The Pythagorean Theorem: Almost As Easy As ABC

    One of the most useful and widely used rules in mathematics is the Pythagorean theorem. Your child's mastery of this theorem is critical to success in geometry. One helpful method for understanding and remembering a rule like the Pythagorean theorem is to fully explore its meaning and history.

We Found 7 Tutors You Might Be Interested In

Huntington Learning

  • What Huntington Learning offers:
  • Online and in-center tutoring
  • One on one tutoring
  • Every Huntington tutor is certified and trained extensively on the most effective teaching methods
In-Center and Online


  • What K12 offers:
  • Online tutoring
  • Has a strong and effective partnership with public and private schools
  • AdvancED-accredited corporation meeting the highest standards of educational management
Online Only

Kaplan Kids

  • What Kaplan Kids offers:
  • Online tutoring
  • Customized learning plans
  • Real-Time Progress Reports track your child's progress
Online Only


  • What Kumon offers:
  • In-center tutoring
  • Individualized programs for your child
  • Helps your child develop the skills and study habits needed to improve their academic performance
In-Center and Online

Sylvan Learning

  • What Sylvan Learning offers:
  • Online and in-center tutoring
  • Sylvan tutors are certified teachers who provide personalized instruction
  • Regular assessment and progress reports
In-Home, In-Center and Online

Tutor Doctor

  • What Tutor Doctor offers:
  • In-Home tutoring
  • One on one attention by the tutor
  • Develops personlized programs by working with your child's existing homework
In-Home Only


  • What TutorVista offers:
  • Online tutoring
  • Student works one-on-one with a professional tutor
  • Using the virtual whiteboard workspace to share problems, solutions and explanations
Online Only

Our Commitment to You

  • Free Help from Teachers

  • Free Learning Materials

  • Helping Disadvantaged Youth