# Junior High Math: Help for Struggling Students

In junior high, you will be reviewing the fundamental math you learned in elementary school, while also advancing to more difficult topics. Here are some tips to make junior high math more enjoyable.

### What Is Junior High Math?

These pre-high school years are an important time to review what you've already learned, while preparing for the upcoming challenges of high school. Some of the math topics you can expect to see in your junior high years are percents and decimals, exponents, place value, geometry and pre-algebra. Regardless of what math class you take as a freshman in high school, you will need all of these junior high topics to guide you.

### Fraction and Decimal Practice

Changing fractions to decimals takes practice. Here are some problems that can help you sharpen your math skills going into junior high. When a percent is given, you must turn it into a fraction by placing the decimal over 100 and reducing if necessary. When a decimal is given, change it into a fraction by dividing the numerator by the denominator.

1. 1/3
2. 4/5
3. 0.75
4. 0.9
5. 1 and 1/4

1. 0.333
2. 0.8
3. 3/4
4. 9/10
5. 1.25

### Math Vocabulary

Math can seem much more difficult if you don't know the vocabulary. Below, you will find some typical junior high math terms that help you understand what your teacher is talking about in class. Create a dedicated space in your math notebook where you write down new vocabulary terms. That way, you can quickly reference your glossary during class when you forget what a term means.

Exponent
An exponent is the little number written to the right of a number, such as 3 ^4. The exponent is the number of times the base number is multiplied by itself. So in 3 ^4, three is multiplied by three four times (3 x 3 x 3 x 3).
Exponent
A variable is a letter or symbol in an algebraic expression representing a number or value. In the expression 56x - 4y, the letters 'x' and 'y' are variables.
Algebraic Expression
An algebraic expression is a numerical phrase or math problem that includes algebraic terms, like letters. An example is 3a + 4b = 7ab.
Prime Number
A positive number that cannot be divided by any whole number other than itself and one. Nine is an example of a prime number.
Ratio
A ratio is a comparison between two things. A colon is generally used to indicate ratio, as in 3:4. A ratio describes how many times one of the two items can be put into the other; another way to think of it is as a size comparison.
Natural Numbers
These are usually defined as non-negative numbers, so anything from zero up. These are all the numbers used in counting and in everyday life. You will probably start to see references to natural numbers starting in 7th or 8th grade.
Did you find this useful? If so, please let others know!

## Other Articles You May Be Interested In

• MIND Games Lead to Math Gains

Imagine a math teaching tool so effective that it need only be employed twice per week for less than an hour to result in huge proficiency gains. Impossible, you say? Not so...and MIND Research Institute has the virtual penguin to prove it.

• Should Math Be a Main Focus in Kindergarten?

Should kindergartners put away the building blocks and open the math books? According to recent research, earlier is better when it comes to learning mathematical concepts. But that could put undue pressure on kids, parents and even teachers.

## We Found 7 Tutors You Might Be Interested In

### Huntington Learning

• What Huntington Learning offers:
• Online and in-center tutoring
• One on one tutoring
• Every Huntington tutor is certified and trained extensively on the most effective teaching methods
In-Center and Online

### K12

• What K12 offers:
• Online tutoring
• Has a strong and effective partnership with public and private schools
• AdvancED-accredited corporation meeting the highest standards of educational management
Online Only

### Kaplan Kids

• What Kaplan Kids offers:
• Online tutoring
• Customized learning plans
• Real-Time Progress Reports track your child's progress
Online Only

### Kumon

• What Kumon offers:
• In-center tutoring
• Individualized programs for your child
• Helps your child develop the skills and study habits needed to improve their academic performance
In-Center and Online

### Sylvan Learning

• What Sylvan Learning offers:
• Online and in-center tutoring
• Sylvan tutors are certified teachers who provide personalized instruction
• Regular assessment and progress reports
In-Home, In-Center and Online

### Tutor Doctor

• What Tutor Doctor offers:
• In-Home tutoring
• One on one attention by the tutor
• Develops personlized programs by working with your child's existing homework
In-Home Only

### TutorVista

• What TutorVista offers:
• Online tutoring
• Student works one-on-one with a professional tutor
• Using the virtual whiteboard workspace to share problems, solutions and explanations
Online Only