Children's Math Questions with Answers

It can be tempting to give your child the answer to a math question when he or she gets stuck. However, your child will benefit most if he figures out the problem on his own. Keep reading for tips on how you can help when your child has a math question.

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How to Answer My Child's Questions About Math

When your child asks you math questions, it's best to take the time to show him how to solve them himself. Although it can be challenging, your child will learn the self-reliance needed to successfully solve problems on math tests and quizzes, and he'll also gain confidence by solving the problem on his own.

Begin by asking your child what he thinks the answer might be. Use his answer to figure out why the problem is confusing him. Then, demonstrate how to do several similar problems before going back to the original problem. Let your child work on the original problem independently, but stay nearby so you can help if more questions arise.

Sample Questions and Answers by Grade Level


14 + 6

First graders can struggle with adding 2-digit numbers. However, it may help your child if you point out patterns. For instance, ask your child what 4 + 6 equals. After your child answers ten, direct him back to the original question. Using patterns, your child should be able to figure out that since four plus six equals ten (4 + 6 = 10), 14 plus six equals 20 (14 + 6 = 20).


413 - 75

In second grade, students begin to solve problems with 3-digit numbers. The problem above may be tricky because it requires students to borrow numbers. If your child is having trouble, it can be helpful if you walk her through the steps to solve the problem. Be sure to explain your reasoning aloud so she knows why you are doing each step. The answer is 338.


Jenny has four friends, and she wants to give each three cookies. How many cookies will Jenny have to make?

Third graders learn basic multiplication facts. Many times, students simply memorize the times tables for 0-12. Thus, word problems can be challenging because students have to apply their knowledge, rather than repeat memorized facts.
Have your child solve this problem by creating the proper equation. Take the number of friends (four) and multiply by the number of cookies (three), or 4 x 3. Jenny will have to bake 12 cookies.


31 x 3

In fourth grade, students learn to multiply using multi-digit numbers. Help your child by walking him through the process. You may also want to use arrows and colored ink.
To solve, your child must multiply three by both numbers in 31. Draw an arrow from three to each of the numbers. This visual aid may help your child understand that he has to multiply 3 x 1 and then 3 x 3. The answer is 93.
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