Improper Fraction Games and Fun Activities

In fourth grade, your child will be introduced to improper fractions. Use the fun activities below to help boost your child's understanding of this math concept.

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An Overview of Improper Fractions

An improper fraction occurs when the numerator is larger than the denominator. To convert an improper fraction, your child should divide the numerator by the denominator, which will create a mixed number. For instance, the fraction 13/2 is improper. If you divide 13 by 2 (13 ÷ 2), you will get 6.5, which is 6 1/2.

Your fourth grade child will be learning about proper fractions, improper fractions and mixed numbers. She will also be learning how to add and subtract mixed numbers with like denominators, as well as how to multiply a fraction by a whole number.

Marshmallow Fractions

For this activity, you will need marshmallows to represent the numerator and denominator and Twizzler candy (or licorice twists) to make the fraction line. Supply your child with a specific number of marshmallows and ask him to manipulate the number to show different improper fractions. For instance, if you give your child 15 marshmallows he could make 8/7 or 10/5. Challenge your child to use his marshmallows to create the smallest improper fraction and largest improper fraction possible. As an extension activity, have your child convert each improper fraction he creates into a mixed number.

What's Your Fraction?

Before beginning this game, remove all face cards from a deck of cards. Have each player draw two cards from the deck and create the largest improper fraction possible. If a player draws two cards that are the same number, one card should be discarded and another card drawn.

The player with the largest improper fraction takes all the cards for that round. It may be helpful for your child to change the improper fractions to mixed numbers to determine who has the largest fraction. The player with the most cards at the end of the game wins!

Can I Have a Fraction with That?

Before beginning, change the measurements on your favorite cookie or cake recipe to improper fractions. Have your child convert each of the improper fractions to proper fractions or mixed numbers. Ask your child to use the new fractions to measure out each ingredient. Have your child compare the fractional amounts of the ingredients and put them in order from the smallest to the largest amount.

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